The Pasiphae group is a group of retrograde irregular-shaped satellites belonging to the outer planet of Jupiter. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) confirms that all satellite names ending with the letter "e" are retrograde. Satellies such as Sinope, and Megaclite. The largest of this group is Pasiphae, which the group is named after.
Pasiphae is the largest of the Pasiphae group, which means that the leftover debris from numerous collisions became the moons of the Pasiphae group. Pasiphae, however, is a C-type, or carbonaceous, asteroid and comes from the most populous area of the Asteroid belt. This means that it was pushed into deep space from numerous asteroid collisions and in Jupiter's gravitational pull.
SurfaceEditThe Pasiphae grouped moons have mainly light grey or dark gray, such as Sinope and Megaclite. Most of these moons do not contain valleys and craters. Very few have mountainous areas on the surface yet Sinope has yellow patches that resemble small craters and have valleys and mountainous areas on the surface, unlike other moons of the Pasiphae group.
Pasiphae was discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson, along with Sinope. Yet Callirrhoe, another satellite in the Pasiphae group, was founded by Spacewatch, a spacecraft launched into space and was proven to be a satellite at the Kitt Peak National Observatory.
Satellites in the Pasiphae groupEdit
Some provisional moons have been removed from the Pasiphae group and moved to other moon groups.